What Lives in the Dirt?

Springtails are microscopic insects that live in dirt. The are white and look flea like

                                                              These little creatures are springtails and they live almost everywhere that there are is dirt or dead leaves
                                                          or moss growing on rocks! They eat dead plants and fungi and then turn them into more dirt, which plants need.
                                                                                       In fact, we would have a lot less dirt if it wasn’t for these amazing insects! 

Dirt is so much more important than you might think.  Without dirt we would have almost no life on Earth!  Nearly all plants need dirt to live and most animals need plants to live.  Dirt is the home for many many living things.  Inside the dirt you can find all kinds of creatures like beetles, millipedes, pillbugs, earthworms and more.  But that’s not all – many other animals live in the dirt in tunnels or on top of the dirt that’s under leaves – things like salamanders, frogs, snakes, mice, shrews and more.   

One of the most important groups of animals is the springtails (the scientific name for springtails is Collembola).  There are about 9,000 species of these little insects!  They are found all over the Earth from the coldest places like the Arctic Circle to hot places like tropical rainforests.  They can live anywhere there is dirt or moisture.  They not only make lots of dirt (from their poop after they eat dead plants) but they also are food for other small animals like frogs.  

When most people think of dirt they think about earthworms.  Not many people realize that most earthworms were brought here from other parts of the world and they are now eating too many of the leaves that are on top of the dirt.  Because they’re eating SO many leaves, it’s taking the homes away from other animals.  Make sure not to buy earthworms at the store and release them into your yard or into fishing ponds.

A small shrew that lives in the ground. It is black with a long snout.                                                      This is a shrew.  It’s a tiny mammal that leaves in the leaves and dirt and eats insects and earthworms.

A spotted salamander. It is black with yellow dots on its back.                                               This is a spotted salamander.  They live in wet leaves and dirt. You can see one at the Scotland Run Park Nature Center!

A pillbug. They roll into a ball when threatened                                                           This is a pillbug, also known as a woodlouse, sowbug, or roly-poly. They like to live in dirt that is near wood.  
                                                                                                                  They are really common around houses.

If you want to learn more about the tiny things that live in dirt, check out these links below!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g2y7oiO1pjw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MlREaT9hFCw&t=9s


Let’s also try a craft where you can learn to make a pillbug (roly poly):

A paper craft of a pillbug. Black and it rolls into a ball.

Roly poly Paper Craft for Kids
This little roly poly curls up into a ball whenever it is scared just like real roly polies. It can be used not only as a toy, but as an educational tool. Have your children study roly polies and then write facts about roly polies on the segments.

 

What you will need:

  • Card stock or construction paper (brown or grey ideally)
  • Black construction paper
  • Colored pencils or crayons
  • Hole punch
  • Brass brad
  • Clear Tape or tacky glue
  • Googly eyes

 

How to Make the Roly Poly Paper Craft:

1. Cut seven triangles 3 1/2" tall by 3" wide from the card stock. 

2. Draw a face shape on one of the triangles at the bottom corner of the triangle.

3. Punch holes in the tops of the triangles. Pile up all the triangles on top of each other placing the head triangle at the top of the pile. Secure all the triangles together with the brass brad.

4. Spread out the triangles to make the roly poly shape. Cut thin strips of black construction paper about two inches long. Fold them in half at an angle to make the pairs of legs. Roly polies have seven pairs of legs. Tape them to the back of the first and last triangles in the pile. Use two more strips of construction paper for the antennae. Glue on wiggle eyes.

5. Have your children write facts about Roly Polies on the sections of the roly polies.

Finished product of the pillbug craft.