History Tots
Online Lessons - Learning about history has never been so much fun!!!

Before starting on the lessons please enjoy these activity pages!
Color the Colonies

o Color Ann Whitall
o Bonnet Maze
o Quilt Pattern Coloring
o Fort Mercer Flag
o James & Ann Whitall Word Search

1) Boats on the Delaware River
The Whitall family lived on a 400-acre farm that faced the Delaware River. James Whitall was a farmer and a merchant. Merchants sold things like cups, plates, and spices to other people. James used his boat to go to Philadelphia to sell these items. In the 1700s there were a lot of boats on the river! The Whitall family loved to fish on the river. Jame’s sons James and Job spent Sundays fishing for shad. The Delaware River was full of shad and the family sold it to neighbors and friends. During the Revolutionary War the Delaware River was filled with British and American ships. In 1777 the British ship Augusta ran aground, caught fire, and exploded. The explosion was loud people could hear it 50 miles away!

Below is a link to an episode of the PBS children’s program “Liberty’s Kids.” This episode focuses on “The Turtle,” the submarine of the American Revolution. Watching the episode before the craft will provide some context for your tot in a fun and engaging way.


Craft: Egg Carton Ships

What you need:
◦ Egg Carton (Cut in Half)
◦ Markers and Crayons
◦ Paper
◦ Scissors
◦ Glue
◦ Popsicle Sticks (straws or pencils work just as well)

◦ Take your egg carton and decorate it however you like. Color all over it if you have paint or crayons to add even more color.
◦ Next take your paper and cut out a triangle. This will be your sail.
◦ Glue the sail to the end of the popsicle stick.
◦ Now put a small hole in the middle of your egg carton.
◦ Put glue on the other end of your popsicle stick and hold it there for a few moments to make sure it sticks.
◦ After it's all finished you'll have a mini ship you can float anywhere there's water!!!

2) Washington’s Spies
During the American Revolution, General George Washington used spies to win the war against the British. American Spies were people who would find out what the British were up to and send word to General Washington. These messages could be a warning that the American army would be attacked or where the British were going. To hide these messages, American spies would use invisible ink. Some spies would dip their quill in lemon juice and then write the message on paper. When the paper was introduced to heat the secret message would appear.

Below is a link to an episode of the PBS children’s program “Liberty’s Kids.” This episode focuses on Benedict Arnold and spies of the American Revolution. Watching the episode before the craft will provide some context for your tot in a fun and engaging way.


Craft: Create Secret Messages Using Invisible Ink

What you need:
o Blank white paper
o White crayon
o Color Marker

o Using the white crayon, write a secret message on the blank piece of paper. Try pushing down hard on the paper with the crayon. After the message is written, have your History Tot color over the white crayon writing with the marker to reveal the secret message.

3) Colonial Food Day!
Hi Kiddos!
It’s time to put on your thinking caps for today’s lesson! Think about where you get your food. Tell your adult where you get your food. Do you grow your food? Well, people in Colonial America had to grow their own food! On the farm they had animals to help them grow their food like a mule or another animal that says “neigh!” Can you guess what that animal is? The farm sometimes had animals that would lay eggs that could be used to bake a cake or for a delicious breakfast. What animal lays eggs? Can you name some other animals on the farm?

It’s time to color! Pretend that you are Farmer ___________. What animals would be on your farm? Would there be a big red barn? What would your house look like? What would grow on your farm? Don’t forget to use lots of colors!

How did the soldiers eat?
During the American Revolution, soldiers were given “rations” which were supplies of food. Sometimes soldiers had a haversack that carried a cup, plate, fork, knife, and spoon inside. But sometimes, soldiers didn’t have a fork and had to eat with their hands! They cooked for themselves over a fire they built. Have you ever gone camping? Have you ever roasted hot dogs or marshmellows over a fire?

Let’s see a real solder cook!
 To see the soldier cook, skip to 3:30 to about 5:30. These soldiers cook beef and flower cakes with nothing but sticks and rocks!

These are haversacks that soldiers would carry food, and supplies in!

Colonial Dishes
The colonials ate a lot of meats, vegetables, pies, cakes, and fruit!
Here are some colonial dishes! Look through the different dishes and see which ones you would like to eat. Are there any you wouldn’t like to eat?

Soup Craft! - Colonials ate a lot of soup! Make your own soup!

What you need:
o Construction paper
o Plastic spoon
o Glue or tape

o Cut construction paper into a circle. Have a grown up help you. 
o Color the soup with whatever you want to put into the soup! 
o You could also cut up pieces of construction paper and glue it onto your soup. 
o If you are practicing your letters, make an alphabet soup! 
o Use a little drop of glue or a piece of tape to fasten the plastic spoon into your bowl of soup.

Here are some ideas!

If you want to learn more about colonial food, read through this website with your child! 

4) Native American Day!
Hi everyone! Who’s ready to learn about Native Americans?
Native Americans were in America before the Colonials. Native Americans lived in tribes and nations. They hunted animals and gathered different foods like berries. We know from archeology projects in the park that Native Americans lived on the river before the Whitalls built their house in 1748. We’ve found arrowheads, pottery, and work tools. These Native Americans were part of the Lenni Lenape Tribe.

This is a Wigwam! This is a home Native Americans built and lived in with their family!

This is a TeePee! These tents were made out of animal skin and were used by Native American’s out west who followed and hunted Buffalo!

Craft: Build your own TeePee! 

o Cut out the shape in the picture with construction paper (⅔ of a circle). 
o Have your child decorate the TeePee. 
o Roll up the TeePee and put clear tape to make the TeePee like a cone!

Native American Culture
Native Americans worshiped the land. They had many traditions that were passed down through storytelling. Singing and dancing were a big part of their culture! Do you like to sing and dance?

This video shows a Pow Wow in New Jersey. The Lenni Lenape in the video enjoy sharing their culture! Listen to the music and look at the dancing. Do you like it?
Try to make up your own dance like the Native Americans! Try to dance to the drums and show your family your dance!

Story Time!
Here are links to Native American stories that were made into children's books!

What did you like most about learning about Native Americans? Make sure to tell your family what you learned!